Traders and Craftsmen in the City

Until the mid-1800s, only traders and craftsmen could conduct business in the cities.


A trader or craftsman who wanted to establish themselves in a city first had to apply for a burghership. Craftsmen usually had to have a mastership certificate as proof that they knew their job, that they were professionals. To move things along in the new town of Örnsköldsvik, they ignored the rules and let everyone who wanted to start a business. This meant that many young people came to try their luck, but the costs of building houses and materials were difficult for many. Bankruptcy was prevalent in the young town. Most farmers and farmhands in the area were used to getting what they needed elsewhere.