 # DIMENSION, VOLUME, & WEIGHT

Here are explanations of dimension, volume, and weight as well as a few other terms.

Ell (after 1609) = 59,38 cm. Before this time, the cubit around Lake Mälaren and in Östergötland seems to have been 56 cm and in Västergötland 64 cm

Anker = 39.25 liter

Book = 24 sheets of writing paper. 20 book = 1 ream

Centerweight = 100 pounds = 42.5 kg

Decker = 10 pcs. Dimension for skin and hides

Dozen = 12 pcs

Fathom = 1.78 metres; as wood dimensions, it can vary between 3 and 5.65 m³

Barrel = 157 litres

Quarter barrel = wet and salted goods. 12 jugs = 31.4 litres, in dry goods 4 bushels = 18.3 litres. In southern and western Sweden there was quarter bushels = 7 litres. In Närke and Västmanland = ¼ barrel = 8 bushels = 36.6 litres

Foot = 0.2969 meter = ½ ell. In older times it varied.

Gross = 12 dozen = 144 pcs.

Jungfru (maiden) = ¼ quarter = 8,2 cl

Kanna (pitcher) = 2.6 litres; before the 1600s it was a ½ dl larger

Kast (throw)= 4 × 20 kast = 1 val

Cubic foot = 10 pitchers = 26.17 litres

Kvarter (quarter) = 0.325 litre

Haul = taxable haul of cole, firewood, ore or similar at a set value

Lispund (stone)= 8 ½ kg

Lod (lead)= 13.16 g. Used in the 17th century as a standard trade measurement of 13.28 g

Läst = 12-13 barrels; grain = 12 skeppund. referring to goods being weighed = 12 skeppund; referring to salt = 12 barrels (small läst), 16 or 18 barrels (large läst). Later (1500s) = 24 barrels when referring to loose goods

Mark = Orignially 205-210 g but later 425g; if referring to iron and copper, it is 340-375 g. Mark silver and gold was always 205-210 g. Mark vadmal = 96 ells

Markpund = lispund of 6,8 kg

Mil (mile)= 10,689 m. Småland mile = 7.5 km; Västergötland mile = 13 km (sometimes 20 km). In Dalarna and Finland 5-6 km

Ort = 4.25 g. As a measurement of volume same as jungfru (maiden)

Oxhuvud (ox’s head) measurement of volume = 90 pitches, i.e. 236 litres, but can be 225 litres when referring to import of red wine.

Pound = lispund

Skeppund = usually 170 kg. For iron and copper, there were 5 different weight systems between 136 and 194.5 kg. 1 skeppund = 20 lispund of 20 skålpund each.

Skålpund = 425 g = 32 lod

Skäppa (bushel) (1700s-1800s) = ¼ barrel 36.6 litres (target 41.2 litres). In the south of Sweden 27 ½ litres and prior to 1665, it was 24.8 litres

Spann = ½ barrel = 28 pitchers = 73.5 litres

Stavrum = 216 feet³. Measurement of firewood

Stop (jug) = ½ pitcher = 4 quarters = 1.3 litres

Piece (fabric) = 15 metres (cotton/silk), 30 metres (linen/wool)

Styver (farthing) = 1 öre of silver; after 1776 = 1/6 shilling

Timmer = 40 pieces, referring to pelts

Score = 20 pieces

Inch = 2.47 cm (Swedish inch) = 2.97 cm (decimal inch)

Barrel = varies according to use, when referring to fish or beer = 125.6 litres; butter = 16 pounds, grain = 142-165 litres

Barrel of gold, calculating instrument = 100,000 rigsdaler in silver (in the 1700s the value declined, as it followed the inflation of bills)

Val = 20 kast with 4 pieces (herring, etc.), 1 kast = 4 pieces

Åm = 144 litres (wine); could be 157 litres, however