Chalet - fäbod

“Fä” is an old Swedish word for livestock, i.e. animals such as cows, sheep, and goats. A “fäbod” is a collection of buildings, cottages, sheds, and dairy sheds.

 

For the cows to survive the winter, they had to be brought in and fed. The food had to be collected during the summer. Instead of letting the animals graze in the meadows near the farm, the animals were moved to a summer pasture in the forest. The animals could graze in the forest during the summer and the grass that grew in the meadows around the farm was mowed and saved as winter fodder. In the winter, the manure was collected from the cattle house so that it could be spread on the fields. A village often had a shared summer pasture where the animals were moved.

 

Younger women, teenagers, were responsible for the livestock. It could, for example, be one of the daughters and a girl of the same age who moved there with the animals. Their job was to take care of the animals, to make sure they came in every evening, and to let them out in the morning; to milk morning and evening, and to take care of the milk: curd cheese, boil whey and churn butter. In addition, they were to protect the animals from the dangers of the forest, predators, and other dangers.

 

It is difficult to know how long the summer pasture culture have existed, but the tradition probably began already during the Iron Age. One of the oldest pieces evidence in the